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Introduction and Biography

  • "Ethical behavior is not the display of one's moral rectitude in times of crisis, it is the day-to-day expression of one's commitment to other persons and the ways in which human beings relate to one another in their daily interactions." - Levine, Myra (1972) 

            Myra Levine has been called a Renaissance woman—highly principled, remarkable, and committed to what happens to the quality of life of patients. She was a daughter, sister, wife, mother, friend, educator, administrator, student of humanities, scholar, enabler, and confidante. She was amazingly intelligent, opinionated, quick to respond, loving, caring, trustworthy, and global in her vision of nursing. She was committed to her Jewish faith; she planted a tree in Israel in memory of my father. What a precious gift she was! “In the Talmudic tradition of her ancestors, she was a forthright spokesperson for social justice and the inherent dignity of the human person as a child of God” (Mid-Year Convocation, 1992). She lives on in my heart, as I hope she will in yours, as you learn about her and the model she unknowingly created to develop nursing knowledge.
          The nursing profession is continuously evolving and dynamic. Ever since Florence Nightingale started writing her notes on nursing, more theories and models about the nursing profession flourished during the last decade; one of these is Myra Levine’s Conservational Theory which was completed on 1973. 
              Levine told others that she did not set out to develop a “nursing theory” but had wanted to find a way to teach the major concepts in medical-surgical nursing and attempt to teach associate degree students a new approach for daily nursing activities. Levine also wished to move away from nursing education practices that were strongly procedurally oriented and refocus on active problem solving and individualized patient care (George, 2002).
             She was intent on not simply teaching the skill of nursing but also on providing a rationale for the behaviors. She has shown high regard for the integration of the adjunctive science to develop a theoretical basis of nursing.

    Summary of Levine's Life

    • 1920- Myra Estrine Levine was born in Chicago
      The eldest among the three children ( has 1sister & 1 brother )
    • 1969/1973/1989- Publication on " An Introduction to Clinical Nursing" made a significant contribution to the "why's" of nursing actions.
    • 1992- awarded as Honorary Doctorate fro Loyola University
    • 1996 - She died at the age of 75.

    Educational Achievement
    • 1944- Diploma in nursing:-Cook county SON, Chicago
    • 1949 - Bachelor of Science in Nursing-University of Chicago
    • 1962 - Masters of Science in Nursing -Wayne state University, Detroit

    • Clinical experience in OT technique and oncology nursing
    • Civilian nurse at the Gardiner General Hospital
    • Director of Nursing at Drexel Home in Chicago
    • Clinical instructor at Bryan Memorial Hospital in Lincoln, Nebraska
    • Administrative supervisor at university of Chicago
    • Chairperson of clinical nursing at Cook Country SON
    • Visiting professor at Tel Aviv University in Israel 
    • Authored 77 published articles